With eight of the highest peaks in the world, including Mt. Everest, it is hardly surprising that Nepal has been the stage for some of the most outstanding achievements in the world of mountaineering.
The high Himalaya (above 3000m) comprises mountain crests, alpine pastures and temperate forests limited by the tree-line (4000m) and snow line (5500m). Eight of the 14 eight-thousanders of the world lie in Nepal: Sagarmatha (Mt. Everest 8848m), Kanchenjunga (8586m), Lhotse (8516m), Makalu (8463m), Cho Oyu (8201m), Dhaulagiri (8167m), Manaslu (8163m) and Annapurna (8091m). The inner Himalayan valleys (above 3600m) such as Mustang and Dolpa are cold deserts sharing topographical characteristics with the Tibetan plateau.